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2014 Atlantic hurricane season
First storm formed June 12, 2014
Last storm dissipated October 26, 2014
Strongest storm Isaias - 918 mbar, 165 mph (1-minute sustained)
Total depressions 13
Total storms 10
Hurricanes 8
Major hurricanes 4
Total damages
Total fatalities


Storms

Tropical Storm Arthur

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Arthur 2014 track layten.png
Duration June 12 – June 16
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

Arthur developed form a former frontal boundary near the coast of Honduras.The low that spawned the storm entered the TWO just 24 hours before genesis occurred, and as the storm had become sufficiently well organised, it was upgraded to a subtropical depression, the first of the season. The subtropical classification was due to the weak warm core nature of the system, and as convection increased and organised into a band, it was upgraded into a subtropical storm and given the name Arthur by the NHC. Following the confirmation of a a well established warm core by a Hurricane Hunter aircraft on the following afternoon, the storm was designated as a fully tropical storm on the following advisory. The following day, Arthur made landfall on the extreme eastern side of the Yucatan Peninsula with 45 mph winds. Following the crossing of the storm into the Gulf of Mexico, the storm became well organised, and the NHC forecast the system to become a hurricane before landfall. Although this failed to occur, Arthur still managed to reach a peak of 65 mph. Extreme storm surge flooding occurred along the Pensacola coast as the system made landfall, and once inland, Arthur travelled over Georgia and South Carolina before moving back out into the Atlantic. Whilst over Georgia, the storm caused significant flash flooding, and 4 people lost their lives to the storm, which caused $355 million in damages. As the system moved out into the Atlantic, it slowly weakened, and the storm passed Bermuda with winds of 35 - 40 mph on June 16, before degrading to a remnant low later that day. Over the next 2 days, the low barely moved, and was absorbed by a larger low to its north-northeast on June 18.


Hurricane Bertha

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration June 29 – July 3
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  986 mbar (hPa)


Subtropical Storm Cristobal

Subtropical storm (SSHWS)
Cristobal 2014 track layten.png
Duration August 5 – August 7
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  999 mbar (hPa)

A cutoff low developed in the Atlantic during August 4, and rapidly organised into Subtropical Depression Three the following day. 6 hours after formation, a huge burst of convection about 70 miles from the exposed low level circulation of the system marked its intensification into a subtropical storm, and the system received the name Cristobal as a result. Continuing tot eh north, then the northeast, the low reached a peak intensity of 45 mph before weakening and becoming extratropical on August 7. The remains of Cristobal would persist for 3 days, travelling rapidly to the east-northeast, before dissipating to the southeast of Iceland. No deaths or damages were reported in relation to the storm whilst it was active.


Tropical Depression Four

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
TD4 2014 track layten.png
Duration August 9 – August 11
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)

Tropical depression four originated from a tropical wave that had emerged form the coast of Africa 11 days prior to genesis. On August 9, the wave entered the TWO, and was monitored for signs of development by the NHC, until it developed during the early hours of August 9 near the Colombian coast. Moving to the west, and then the northwest, the depression failed to organise further due to high shear in the environment of the storm. The depression made landfall on Cuba the day after genesis, and emerged into the Gulf of Mexico,barely holding on to its inner core convection, before it began to reorganise as it neared the coast of Alabama, where it made landfall during the afternoon hours of August 11, quickly dissipating inland as its supply of war waters was cut off. The remnant low of the system dissipated over the south-southeastern US the following day after producing life threatening flash flooding across much of the areas affected by the storm. 7 people died in the storm, with $300 million being done in damages as well.


Hurricane Dolly

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Dolly 2014 track layten.png
Duration August 14 – August 20
Peak intensity 120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  955 mbar (hPa)

Dolly can be traced back to a tropical wave that left the coast of Africa on August 11. Moving westwards, the wave became more organised, until Tropical Depression Five developed on August 14. Moving into less favourable conditions, the storm was slow to intensify, reaching tropical storm intensity on August 15, and then hurricane intensity the next day. On August 18, Dolly hit major hurricane intensity, and reached a peak of 120 mph as it was moving towards the northwest. After encountering increasing shear, Dolly began to weaken, and weakened to category 2 as it took aim at the Bahamas, before turning away and taking aim at the east coast, weakening further as it did so. As the system neared landfall on August 20, it weakened to a tropical storm, making landfall in Nova Scotia with 45 mph winds as it became extratropical up on landfall. The remnant of the system dissipated the following day. Whilst active, Dolly caused a death on Newfoundland due to flood producing storm surge, and caused $25 million in damages.


Hurricane Edouard

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Edouard 2014 track layten.png
Duration August 24 – August 29
Peak intensity 100 mph (160 km/h) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Edouard originated from a tropical wave that made it into the TWO on August 22. 2 days later, the disturbance was upgraded to Tropical Depression Six, and under favourable conditions, was classified as a tropical storm and named Edouard 12 hours later. As the system intensified, it moved to the west and northwest, becoming a hurricane about 2 days after formation. Following becoming a hurricane, intensification slowed due to the entrainment of dry air into the western portion of the circulation. Edouard eventually became a minimal category 2 hurricane about 40 hours later, maintaining that intensity for 12 hours before weakening as it began traversing unfavourable waters in the northern Atlantic. on August 29, Edouard weakened to a tropical storm, and became extratropical later that day. The remnant of the system persisted for 2 days, before it was pulled apart by the jet stream near the UK. No one died in relation to the storm, but rip tides did cause $10 million in damages from the storm as it moved up the US eastern coast.


Hurricane Fay

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration September 5 – September 12
Peak intensity 125 mph (205 km/h) (1-min)  945 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Gonzalo

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration September 9 – September 13
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)


Subtropical Depression Nine

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration September 19 – September 22
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Isaias

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration September 29 – October 7
Peak intensity 165 mph (270 km/h) (1-min)  918 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Josephine

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Josephine 2014 track layten.png
Duration October 9 – September 20
Peak intensity 155 mph (250 km/h) (1-min)  933 mbar (hPa)

Josephine can be traced to an area of disorganised thunderstorms that moved off Africa on October 7. As it moved out into the Atlantic, it rapidly consolidated into Tropical Storm Josephine, before becoming a hurricane the following day under unusually favourable conditions. 2 days later as the storm was nearing the Lesser Antilles, it became a major hurricane, hitting several islands with winds of up to 120 mph as it passed through. The following day, Josephine intensified more rapidly, achieving a peak of 155 mph before weakening as it approached landfall in the Dominican Republic, where it hit with winds of 130 mph. After making landfall, the hurricane weakened to a category 2 over Haiti, before weakening to a category 1 as it passed through Cuba and the Bahamas. Following its passage through the Bahamas, the hurricane managed to tap into warmer waters, and reached a secondary peak intensity of 105 mph off the Carolina coasts, before making landfall with 100 mph winds in Maine. Maintaining intensity, Josephine weakened slowly as it moved out into the far northern Atlantic, and as the storm weakened to a depression, it became extratropical, and dissipated completely as it was absorbed by a larger low near Norway on September 20. Josephine caused the deaths of 4 people, and $211 million in damages whilst active, but hte name wasnt retired the following spring.


Tropical Depression Twelve

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
TD12 2014 track layten.png
Duration October 14 – September 16
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1007 mbar (hPa)

Twelve developed from a trough of low pressure in the Central Atlantic, spending most of its lifecycle trapped between two dominant ridges of high pressure, resulting in an erratic track for much of its existence. No deaths or damages were reported in association with the system. There is even the possibility that the depression peaked as a minimal tropical storm, but as there is a lack of evidence supporting this,the storm was kept as a depression in post season analysis.


Hurricane Kyle

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration October 22 – October 26
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  983 mbar (hPa)

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